IthaID: 2509

Names and Sequences

Functionality: Globin gene causative mutation Pathogenicity: Variant of Uncertain Significance
Common Name: CD 16 AAG>GAG [Lys>Glu] HGVS Name: HBA1:c.49A>G
Hb Name: HbI Protein Info: α1 16(A14) Lys>Glu

Context nucleotide sequence:

Also known as: Hb I-Burlington, Hb I-Philadelphia, Hb I-Skamania, Hb I-Texas


Hemoglobinopathy Group: Structural Haemoglobinopathy
Hemoglobinopathy Subgroup: α-chain variant
Allele Phenotype:N/A
Stability: N/A
Oxygen Affinity: N/A
Associated Phenotypes: N/A


Chromosome: 16
Locus: NG_000006.1
Locus Location: 37628
Size: 1 bp
Located at: α1
Specific Location: Exon 1

Other details

Type of Mutation: Point-Mutation(Substitution)
Effect on Gene/Protein Function: Missense codons (Protein Structure)
Ethnic Origin: Australian, Black, Caucasian, Indian, Japanese, Chinese
Molecular mechanism: N/A
Inheritance: Recessive
DNA Sequence Determined: Yes


Disclaimer: The HPLC images are provided as an information resource only. Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc and the ITHANET Portal disclaim responsibility and have no liability if this information is used for diagnostic or treatment purposes. D-10™ and VARIANT™ are registered trademarks of Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. and used with permission. Redistribution and use of the above material is allowed only with permission by Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc. To access HPLC images and reports for different variants, use the IthaChrom tool.
ID Hb Variant Gene Instrument Method Area (%) Ret Time (min) Comments
581HbIα1D-10Dual Kit Program10.41.36heterozygote[PDF]
582HbIα1VARIANTβ-thal Short Program14.81.39heterozygote[PDF]
598HbIα1VARIANT IIDual Kit Program27.91.491Heterozygote.[PDF]
597HbIα1VARIANT IIβ-thal Short Program18.11.43Heterozygote. [PDF]
584HbIα1VARIANT IIDual Kit Program22.51.467heterozygote[PDF]
583HbIα1VARIANT IIβ-thal Short Program14.91.4heterozygote[PDF]

Sequence Viewer

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Publications / Origin

  1. Beale D, Lehmann H, Abnormal haemoglobins and the genetic code., Nature , 207(994), 259-61, 1965 PubMed
  2. Esan GJ, Morgan FJ, O'Donnell JV, Ford S, Bank A, Diminished synthesis of an alpha chain mutant, hemoglobin I (alpha-16 lys leads to glu)., J. Clin. Invest. , 49(12), 2218-21, 1970 PubMed
  3. Fleming PJ, Arnold BJ, Thompson EO, Hughes WG, Morgan L, Hb I alpha16 Lys leads to Glu and Hb Broussais alpha90 Lys leads to Asn in Australian families., Pathology , 10(4), 317-27, 1978 PubMed
  4. Saito S, Fujita S, Ohta Y, Kobayashi Y, Hemoglobin I (alpha 16(A14) Lys replaced by Glu) and hemoglobin J Iran (beta 77(EF1) His replaced by Asp) discovered in Japanese., Hemoglobin , 6(5), 537-41, 1982 PubMed
  5. Liebhaber SA, Rappaport EF, Cash FE, Ballas SK, Schwartz E, Surrey S, Hemoglobin I mutation encoded at both alpha-globin loci on the same chromosome: concerted evolution in the human genome., Science , 226(4681), 1449-51, 1984 PubMed
  6. Molchanova TP, Pobedimskaya DD, Huisman TH, The differences in quantities of alpha 2- and alpha 1-globin gene variants in heterozygotes., Br. J. Haematol. , 88(2), 300-6, 1994 PubMed
  7. Lin M, Han ZJ, Wang Q, Zheng L, Wang Y, Yang H, Huang Y, Lin F, Zhan XF, Lin CP, Wu JR, Luo ZY, Liu JB, Yan ZH, Zheng SY, Zheng JK, Lu M, Zhu JJ, Xie LX, Yang LY, Molecular epidemiological survey of hemoglobinopathies in the Wuxi region of Jiangsu Province, eastern China., Hemoglobin, 37(5), 454-66, 2013 PubMed
Created on 2014-06-05 12:34:28, Last reviewed on 2021-03-11 13:54:42 (Show full history)

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