GeneID: 169


Common Name: EGF Type: Gene
Chromosome: 4 (NC_000004.12) Locus: NG_011441.1 (EGF)
HUGO Symbol: EGF Full Name: epidermal growth factor
Exons: 24 Introns: 23

The EGF gene encodes a member of the epidermal growth factor superfamily. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the 53-amino acid peptide hormone EGF. EGF signals via a tyrosine kinase receptor, the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). It functions as a magnesiotropic hormone, crucial in maintaining cellular Mg2+ levels. It acts as a potent mitogenic factor involved in the control of growth, proliferation and differentiation of numerous cell types, such as megakaryocytes and platelets. It also acts as a neurotrophic factor on the snail Lymnaea motoneurons. Defects in this gene cause hypomagnesemia type 4 and have been associated with the growth and progression of certain cancers. Studies have shown that activated platelets in response to inflammation can secrete a number of growth factors, including EGF, with important roles in thrombus formation and angiogenesis. Polymorphisms in the EGF gene associated with platelet count in Korean populations, suggesting that the EGF locus may also influence haematological traits.

Synonyms: URG , HOMG4


Publications / Origin

  1. Parries G, Chen K, Misono KS, Cohen S, The human urinary epidermal growth factor (EGF) precursor. Isolation of a biologically active 160-kilodalton heparin-binding pro-EGF with a truncated carboxyl terminus., J. Biol. Chem. , 270(46), 27954-60, 1995
  2. Hermann PM, van Kesteren RE, Wildering WC, Painter SD, Reno JM, Smith JS, Kumar SB, Geraerts WP, Ericsson LH, Smit AB, Bulloch AG, Nagle GT, Neurotrophic actions of a novel molluscan epidermal growth factor., J. Neurosci. , 20(17), 6355-64, 2000
  3. Groenestege WM, Th├ębault S, van der Wijst J, van den Berg D, Janssen R, Tejpar S, van den Heuvel LP, van Cutsem E, Hoenderop JG, Knoers NV, Bindels RJ, Impaired basolateral sorting of pro-EGF causes isolated recessive renal hypomagnesemia., J. Clin. Invest. , 117(8), 2260-7, 2007
  4. Stokes KY, Granger DN, Platelets: a critical link between inflammation and microvascular dysfunction., J. Physiol. (Lond.) , 590(5), 1023-34, 2012
  5. Kim YK, Oh JH, Kim YJ, Hwang MY, Moon S, Low SK, Takahashi A, Matsuda K, Kubo M, Lee J, Kim BJ, Influence of Genetic Variants in EGF and Other Genes on Hematological Traits in Korean Populations by a Genome-Wide Approach., Biomed Res Int , 2015(0), 914965, 2015
Created on 2016-07-21 09:53:12, Last reviewed on 2016-08-09 12:41:53 (Show full history)

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